Factors influencing household production of sorghum and millet in Kiminini sub-county of Trans-Nzoia county, Kenya

  • Wekesa Peter Muyukani Wangari Maathai Institute for Peace and Environmental Studies, University of Nairobi
  • Nzioka John Muthama Wangari Maathai Institute for Peace and Environmental Studies, University of Nairobi
Keywords: Sorghum, Millet, Household governance, food security


The production of sorghum and millet has remained low, and to some extent declined in most regions of Kenya. Little documented information exists on the main causes of this decline and the effects on household income and food security in Kiminini sub-county, and Trans Nzoia County in general. This study therefore sought to identify the factors that influence household production of sorghum and millet in Kiminini Sub-county of Trans-Nzoia County. Specifically, the study examined the extent of production of sorghum and millet; the factors that influence farmers’ preference for other crops; and the impact of such decline to households’ food security. The study utilized a random sample of 100 farm households to collect primary data using a structured questionnaire and an interview schedule. Secondary data were collected from documented information on sorghum and millet production in the study area and the whole country at large. Data were then analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Data presented in this study reveal the following: First, production of sorghum and millet in Kiminini Location is low and declining. Second, socio-economic characteristics typical of most households especially food prices, education level, gender and cultural values, farm size, off-farm employment, off-farm income, total household income, farm labour supply and number of household dependants, maize preference and the negative attitude towards sorghum and millet cultivation determine sorghum and millet production in the study area. In view of the above findings, this study recommendations that there is need to increase sorghum and millet production by studying the attitudes of the producers, recognizing the important of household governance, particularly the role women play in household food production, involving them in decision-making processes, providing credit facilities and subsidizing prices of farm inputs in order to make them affordable to farmers.




Chepng’etich E., O. Nyamwaro, E. Kiprotich Bett, and K. Kizito (2015). Factors That Influence Technical Efficiency of Sorghum Production: A Case of Small Holder Sorghum Producers in Lower Eastern Kenya Advances in Agriculture. Volume 2015, Article ID 861919, 11 pages. Hindawi Publishing Corporation, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/861919

De Vries, J. and Toenniessen, G. (2001). Securing the harvest: Biotechnology, Breeding and Seed Systems for African Countries. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK

Enserink, H.J. (1995). Sorghum Agronomy in West Kenya: Investigation from a Farming Systems Perspective. The Royal Tropical Institute–Amsterdam, The Netherlands

FAO, (1989). “The State of Food and Agriculture” - 1989 – 90. Rome, Italy

Harper, F. (1983). Principles of Arable Crop Production. Granada Publishers, London

ICRISAT, (1996). Sorghum Production. Potancheru, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India

International Food Policy Research Institute- IFPRI (2002). “Achieving Sustainable

Food Security for All by 2020: Priorities and Responsibilities”. IFPRI. May, 2002. Washington, DC, USA

International Food Policy Research Institute- IFPRI, (1996). “2020 Vision - News and Views: Is There Hope for Food Plenty in Africa?”. IFPRI. October, 1996. Washington, DC, USA

Kathuri, N.J. and Pals, D.A. (1993). Introduction of Education Research. Egerton University Education Book Series.

Kenya, Republic of, (2001. Trans-Nzoia District Agriculture Annual Report. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. Government Printer: Nairobi

Kenya, Republic of, (1997), Trans-Nzoia District Development Plan 1997 –2001. Office of the Vice- President and Ministry of Planning and National Development. The Government Printer, Nairobi

Kenya, Republic of, (2010). Economic Review of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Nairobi, Kenya

Kilambya D., Witwer M., 2013. Analysis of incentives and disincentives for sorghum in Kenya. Technical notes series, MAFAP, FAO, Rome

Mertin, J.V. (Ed) (1982). Sorghum in the Eighties. International Crops Research

Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). Volume 1, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh 502 324, India

Mugenda, O.M. and Mugenda, A.G. (1999). Research Methods: Quantitative and

Qualitative Approaches. African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS) Press, Nairobi, Kenya

Frontier Province of Pakistan. Journal of Agricultural Economics. 45(1). 132-138. Norwick, UK.

Reddy, G.P., Chengappa, P.G., and Achoth, L., (1995). Marketed Surplus Response of Millet: Some Policy Implications. Andhra Pradesh, India

Rosegrant, M.W., and Evenson, R.E. (1993). Agricultural Productivity in Pakistan And India: A Comparative analysis. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington D.C., USA

Taylor, J. K. N., (2003). Overview: Importance of Sorghum in Africa. In: Afripro: Workshop on the Proteins of Sorghum and Millets: Enhancing Nutritional and Function Properties for Africa. Eds. P.S. Belton and J. R. N. Taylor. Pretoria, 204 April, 2003, Paper, 01. www.africipro.org.uk

Vogel, S. and Graham, M. (1979). (Eds). Sorghum and millet: Production and Use. IDRC Publication, Nairobi, Kenya.

How to Cite
Muyukani, W., & Muthama, N. (2019). Factors influencing household production of sorghum and millet in Kiminini sub-county of Trans-Nzoia county, Kenya. Journal of Sustainability, Environment and Peace, 1(1), 25-31. https://doi.org/10.53537/jsep.2019.02.005

Most read articles by the same author(s)